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Tuesday, 6 November 2012
Movember 2: What is a Prostate and What Are Symptoms of Enlargement?
Weighing about1 oz., the prostate is roughly the size of a large walnut. It is located just below the bladder and pushes up against the front of the rectum.
The prostate produces "seminal fluid" which protects and nourishes sperm as they travel to the Uterus. This fluid, which makes up about 20-30% of ejaculate, is basic, which protects sperm from the acidic environment in a woman's vaginal area leading to the uterus.
The prostate is partially made up of muscle. So when it contracts as sperm is being released, it cuts off the urethra, preventing sperm from coming in contact with urine.
It is very important to be aware of the symptoms of prostate enlargement. However, keep in mind that most prostate enlargement is NOT cancer and is classified as BPH or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. That being said, always follow up with your Doctor if you notice any of these symptoms
- Frequent urination, especially at night
- Intense need to urinate, or urgency
- Difficulty starting/stopping flow of urine
- Weak, decreased, or interrupted flow
- Burning, painful urination
- Blood in urine or semen
- Painful ejaculation
Now we know what a prostate is, what it does, and what symptoms to look for are. Tomorrow I will post a short note about what the tests are, who should get them, and when.
As always, if you have any questions please feel free to ask
Dr. Jeff Marshall, BScKin, DC
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